frame of reference

A systematic design approach for objectifying Building with Nature solutions

Authors

Downloads

DOI:

10.47982/rius.7.124

Keywords:

Building with Nature, ecosystem services, frame of reference, objectification, design, solutions

Abstract

Hydraulic engineering infrastructure is supposed to keep functioning for many years and is likely to interfere with both the natural and the social environment at various scales. Due to its long life-cycle, hydraulic infrastructure is bound to face changing environmental conditions as well as changes in societal views on acceptable solutions. This implies that sustainability and adaptability are/should be important attributes of the design, the development and operation of hydraulic engineering infrastructure. Sustainability and adaptability are central to the Building with Nature (BwN) approach. Although nature-based design philosophies, such as BwN, have found broad support, a key issue that inhibits a wider mainstream implementation is the lack of a method to objectify BwN concepts. With objectifying, we mean turning the implicit into an explicit engineerable ‘object’, on the one hand, and specifying clear design ‘objectives’, on the other. This paper proposes the “Frame of Reference” approach as a method to systematically transform BwN concepts into functionally specified engineering designs. It aids the rationalisation of BwN concepts and facilitates the transfer of crucial information between project development phases, which benefits the uptake, acceptance and eventually the successful realisation of BwN solutions. It includes an iterative approach that is well suited for assessing status changes of naturally dynamic living building blocks of BwN solutions. The applicability of the approach is shown for a case that has been realised in the Netherlands. Although the example is Dutch, the method, as such, is generically applicable.

How to Cite

de Vries, M., van Koningsveld, M., Aarninkhof, S., & de Vriend, H. (2021). A systematic design approach for objectifying Building with Nature solutions. Research in Urbanism Series, 7, 29-50. https://doi.org/10.47982/rius.7.124

Published

2021-02-18

Author Biographies

Mindert de Vries, Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences

Mindert de Vries has a background in ecology. He is a specialist nature-based solutions at Deltares. He was leading a building with nature research group on the University of Applied Sciences Hogeschool Zeeland and is now associate professor and program manager at Hogeschool Van Hall Larenstein interested in climate change adaptation of muddy coastal landscapes.

Mark van Koningsveld, Delft University of Technology

Mark van Koningsveld is part time professor Ports and Waterways at Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands. In a complementary function, Van Koningsveld is R&D and Innovation Manager at Royal Van Oord. He has a broad track record in the design and implementation of nature based solutions and was a member of EcoShape; first as a member of the programme board, later as member of the management team.

Stefan Aarninkhof, Delft University of Technology

Stefan Aarninkhof is professor of Coastal Engineering at Delft University of Technology (The Netherlands). Before joining university in 2016, Stefan spent 20 years at a research institute (Delft Hydraulics, nowadays Deltares) and in dredging industry (Boskalis). He has a distinct interest in understanding nearshore processes, to enable design and implementation of nature-based solutions for coastal engineering and management.

Huib de Vriend, Delft University of Technology

Professor Huib de Vriend is a retired civil engineer, former director science of Deltares and Professor emeritus of River Engineering and Eco-hydraulics at Delft University of Technology. From 2007 to 2013 he also led ‘Building with Nature’, an innovation programme executed by a consortium of government agencies, universities, research organisations, consultants and engineering contractors.

References

Adger, W. N., Hughes, T. P., Folke, C., Carpenter, S. R. & Rockstrom, J. (2005). Social-Ecological Resilience to Coastal Disasters. Science,309(5737), 1036–1039. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1112122

Booij, N., Ris, R. C., & Holthuijsen, L. H. (1999). A third-generation wave model for coastal regions: 1. Model description and validation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 104(C4), 7649–7666. https://doi.org/10.1029/98jc02622

Borsje, B. W., van Wesenbeeck, B. K., Dekker, F., Paalvast, P., Bouma, T. J., van Katwijk, M. M., & de Vries, M. B. (2011). How ecological engineering can serve in coastal protection. Ecological Engineering, 37(2), 113–122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.11.027

Bridges, T.S., Lillicrop, J., Wilson, J.R., Fredette, T.J., Suedel, B., Banks, C.J., & Russo, E.J. (2014). “Engineering with nature” promotes triple-win outcomes. Terra et Aqua, 135(2), 17–23. http://www.iadc-dredging.com/ul/cms/terraetaqua/document/4/1/1/411/411/1/ article-engineering-with-nature-promotes-triple-win-outcomes-terra-et-aqua- 135-2a.pdf

Ciavola, P., Ferreira, O., Haerens, P., Van Koningsveld, M., & Armaroli, C. (2011). Storm impacts along European coastlines. Part 2: lessons learned from the MICORE project. Environmental Science & Policy, 14(7), 924–933. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2011.05.009

Ciavola, P., Ferreira, O., Haerens, P., Van Koningsveld, M., Armaroli, C., & Lequeux, Q. (2011). Storm impacts along European coastlines. Part 1: The joint effort of the MICORE and ConHaz Projects. Environmental Science & Policy, 14(7), 912–923. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2011.05.011

Costanza, R., de Groot, R., Braat, L., Kubiszewski, I., Fioramonti, L., Sutton, P., Farber, S., & Grasso, M. (2017). Twenty years of ecosystem services: How far have we come and how far do we still need to go? Ecosystem Services, 28, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2017.09.008

de Oude, R., Augustijn, D.C.M., Wijnberg, K.M., Dekker, F., De Vries, M.B., & Suzuki, T. (2010). Bioengineering in front of a river dike: wave attenuation by vegetation. In G.C. Christodoulou & A.I. Stamou (Eds.), Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Environmental Hydraulics, vol. 1. Athens, Greece, 23-25 June 2010 (pp. 253-258).CRC Press

de Vriend, H.J., & Van Koningsveld, M., (2012). Building with Nature. Thinking, acting and interacting differently. EcoShape. http://ecoshape. nl/files/paginas/ECOSHAPE_BwN_WEB.pdf

de Vriend, H. J., van Koningsveld, M., Aarninkhof, S. G. J., de Vries, M. B., & Baptist, M. J. (2015). Sustainable hydraulic engineering through building with nature. Journal of Hydro-Environment Research, 9(2), 159–171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jher.2014.06.004

de Vriend, H., van Koningsveld, M., & Aarninkhof, S. (2014). ‘Building with nature’: the new Dutch approach to coastal and river works. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Civil Engineering, 167(1), 18–24. https://doi.org/10.1680/cien.13.00003

de Vries, M.B., & Dekker, F. (2009). Ontwerp groene golfremmende dijk Fort Steurgat bij Werkendam. Verkennende studie [technical report]. Deltares. https://www.deltares.nl/app/uploads/2015/07/Golfremmende-dijk-Noordwaard-rapport.pdf

de Vries, M.B., van Koningsveld, M., Aarninkhof, S.G.J. & de Vriend, H.J., 2020. Objectifying Building with Nature strategies: towards scale-resolving policies. In: Building with Nature perspectives - Cross-disciplinary BwN approaches in coastal regions. Research in Urbanism Series, 7, 12-13.

Ministry of Transport Public Works and Water Management, Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment and Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality of the Netherlands. (2006). Spatial Planning Key Decision Room for the River. Approved decision 19 December 2006 [Technical Report]. Dutch Government.

EcoShape. (2012). The Building with Nature Design Guideline. https://www.ecoshape.org/nl/design-guidelines/

Farber, S., Costanza, R., Childers, D.L., Erickson, J., Gross, K., Grove, M., Hopkinson, C.S., Kahn, S., Pincetl, S., Troy, A., Warren, P., & Wilson, M. (2006). Linking ecology and economics for ecosystem management. BioScience, 56(2), 121–133.

Garel, E., Rey, C. C., Ferreira, Ó., & van Koningsveld, M. (2014). Applicability of the “Frame of Reference” approach for environmental monitoring of offshore renewable energy projects. Journal of Environmental Management, 141, 16–28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.02.037

Gault, J., O’Hagan, A. M., Cummins, V., Murphy, J., & Vial, T. (2011). Erosion management in Inch beach, South West Ireland. Ocean & Coastal Management, 54(12), 930–942. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2011.05.005

Hallegatte, S. (2009). Strategies to adapt to an uncertain climate change. Global Environmental Change, 19(2), 240–247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.12.003

Ministerie van Verkeer en Waterstaat. (2007). Hydraulische Randvoorwaarden primaire waterkeringen; voor de derde toetsronde 2006-2011 [Hydraulic Boundary conditions for primary water defences; for the third evaluation 2006-2011]. https://puc.overheid.nl/rijkswaterstaat/doc/PUC_128421_31/

Jiménez, J. A., Gracia, V., Valdemoro, H. I., Mendoza, E. T., & Sánchez-Arcilla, A. (2011). Managing erosion-induced problems in NW Mediterranean urban beaches. Ocean & Coastal Management, 54(12), 907–918. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2011.05.003

Kabat, P., Fresco, LO., Stive, MJF., Veerman, CP., van Alphen, JSL., Parmet, BWAH., Hazeleger, W., & Katsman, CA. (2009). Dutch coast in transition. Nature Geoscience, 2(July), 450-452. https://doi.org/doi:10.1038/ngeo572

Kamphuis, J. W. (2006). Coastal engineering—quo vadis? Coastal Engineering, 53(2–3), 133–140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2005.10.003

Kroon, A., Davidson, M. A., Aarninkhof, S. G. J., Archetti, R., Armaroli, C., Gonzalez, M., Medri, S., Osorio, A., Aagaard, T., Holman, R. A., & Spanhoff, R. (2007). Application of remote sensing video systems to coastline management problems. Coastal Engineering, 54(6–7), 493–505. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2007.01.004

Laboyrie, H.P., van Koningsveld, M., Aarninkhof, S.G.J., van Parys, M., Lee, M., Jensen, A., Csiti, A., & Kolman, R. (2018). Dredging for sustainable infrastructure. CEDA/IADC.

Linde, M., Attard, R., & Wilson, C. (2013 ). Undervaluing positive impacts in the environmental impact assessment process. Coasts and Ports 2013: 21st Australasian Coastal and Ocean Engineering Conference and the 14th Australasian Port and Harbour Conference.

Marchand, M. (2010-May). Framework for coastal erosion management. Deliverable D7, Concepts and Science for Coastal Erosion. Conscience. http://www.conscience-eu.net/documents/deliverable07-framework-for-coastal-erosion-management.pdf